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Norwegian Armed Forces

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Forsvaret
(Norwegian Armed Forces)
Norwegian-armed-forces
Commander: Chief of Defence
Status: Active

The Norwegian Armed Forces (Norwegian: Forsvaret ("The Defence")) are the military of the Kingdom of Norway. The Armed Forces are subordinate to the Norwegian Ministry of Defence. The Commander-in-Chief is the monarch, but under the Constitution, the Minister of Defence is accountable to Parliament for all activities carried out by the agencies under his or her responsibility. This means that the Ministry, as part of the executive branch of government, is responsible for supervising the activity of its subordinate agencies.

The Ministry of Defence (MoD) has been since 2003 an integrated structure with civilian and military personnel. Subordinate to the MoD are the "Armed Forces Military Organization" as well as the three civilian agencies: the Norwegian Defence Research Establishment (FFI), the National Security Agency and the Defence Estate Agency.

The Chief of Defence (a four-star general or admiral) heads the armed forces, and is the principal military adviser to the Minister of Defence. There are four branches:

  • Norwegian Army
  • Royal Norwegian Navy
  • Royal Norwegian Air Force
  • Home Guard

Additional high level structures, include: Special Forces, Defence Staff Norway (DEFSTNOR) the staff of the Chief of Defence, National Joint Headquarters (NJHQ) has operational control of Norwegian armed forces worldwide 24/7, and the Norwegian Defence Logistics Organisation (NDLO) responsible for engineering, procurement, investment, supply, information and communications technology. It is also responsible for maintenance, repair and storage of material.

Norway also does not have an NCO system, they have 3 NCO type ranks normally held by conscripts. As such Sergeant and Quartermaster are grouped with the officers under the common designation befall.

Norwegian Army (Hæren)Edit

The Norwegian Army is the branch of the Norwegian Armed Forces responsible for land-based military operations. It is the largest and oldest branch of the Norwegian armed forces. The modern Army has its roots in the Norwegian constitution, adopted on 16 May 1814, before the establishment of Norway, to meet the demands of Sweden. The Norwegian Armed Forces were created in 1905 after the dissolution of the union between Norway and Sweden in 1905, but the Norwegian Army was established in 1628. The Army is mainly located in mid-Troms and the south-eastern part of the country, with other units like the King's Guards and the border guards stationed elsewhere.

Army's Huntsman Command (Hærens Jegerkommando)Edit

The Hærens Jegerkommando (HJK) is a special forces unit of the Norwegian military. It is the armed forces competence center for commando, airborne and counter terrorist duty in the Norwegian Army. Its headquarters are located 30 km. north of Elverum in the south east Norway, at Rena leir military base. The HJK is one third of the Norwegian Special Forces.

Hærens Jegerkommando directly translated to English means; Hærens (The Army's) Jeger (Hunter / Huntsman) Kommando (administrative / operative command). It also is translated as "Army's Special Forces Command" but normally as "Army Huntsman Command". It is Headquarters are at Rena leir military base, which received its first active units in 1997 after the base had been constructed in 1993–96. The HJK is a special unit, it has a large HQ unit and a paratrooper unit. The Pathfinder platoon is part of the HJK training cadre and consists of conscripts deemed suitable for service in the unit after a selection period. The Hærens Jegerkommando together with the Forsvarets Spesialkommando are under a command named FSK-HJK. The FSK-HJK itself is under direct command of the General Inspector of the Army.

Royal Norwegian Navy (Marine)Edit

The Norwegian Navy is the branch of the Norwegian Defence Force responsible for naval operations and also includes the Coast Guard. In Norwegian, the Royal Norwegian Navy vessels are given the ship prefix "KNM", short for Kongelig Norske Marine (Royal Norwegian Navy). Coast Guard vessels are given the prefix "KV" for KystVakt (Coast Guard).

Navy's Huntsman Command (Marinejegerkommandoen)Edit

The Marinejegerkommandoen (MJK) is a Norwegian maritime special forces unit. It was formally established in 1951. It is located in Ramsund in the northern part of Norway and at Haakonsvern Naval Base in Bergen. MJK is employed in many kinds of operations, such as unconventional warfare, guerrilla warfare, special reconnaissance, recovery or protection of ships and oil installations, various counter-terrorism missions, hostage rescue and direct action (which includes sabotage, raids, kidnapping and specific enemy assassinations).

MJK is an integral part of the special operations command mesh that serves to protect Norway’s interests, both domestic and internationally. As this unit is to be used with maximum efficiency internationally, it is modeled after the NATO Special Operation Forces definition.

The Royal Norwegian Air Force (Luftforsvaret)Edit

The Royal Norwegian Air Force (RNoAF) (Norwegian: Luftforsvaret) is the air force of Norway. It was established as a separate arm of the Norwegian armed forces on 10 November 1944. The infrastructure of the Air Force includes seven airbases (at Andøya, Bardufoss, Bodø, Gardermoen, Rygge, Sola and Ørland), two control and reporting centres (at Sørreisa and Mågerø) and two training centres (at Kjevik, Kristiansand, and at Persaunet, Trondheim). Like most of the Nordic Nations the Air Force is a large component of the Nordic Nations Joint Stargate Operations Program.

Norwegian Home Guard (Heimevernet)Edit

The Norwegian Home Guard (Norwegian: Heimevernet), is a rapid mobilization force in the Norwegian military. Founded 6 December 1946, it is the youngest branch in the Norwegian forces. It is divided into districts, which again is divided into smaller units, typically covering a single Municipality. In a wartime situation Heimevernet will typically be used to protect the local infrastructure and population, but may also be used as regular troops. As it for the most part comprises locals, it is ideally suited for guerrilla warfare (sabotage, ambushes, etc.) In 2005, the Home Guard has recruited for a high readiness force with better trained and equipped personnel. It is called the "Task Force" (Norwegian: Innsatsstyrke) This force represents 10 percent of the total force.

Special ForcesEdit

Norways Special Forces is composed of three sections: the Hærens Jegerkommando (part of the army), the Marinejegerkommandoen (part of the navy), and the Forsvarets Spesialkommando.

The Forsvarets Spesialkommando (FSK) is a special forces unit of the Norwegian Ministry of Defence. The unit was established in 1981 due to the increased risk of terrorist activity against Norwegian interests, especially the oil platforms in the North Sea. Unlike it's two counterparts it reports directly to the Chief of Defence and the Ministry. The HJK and FSK have at times had the same Commanding Officer, there is also sometimes said to be a Chief of Special Forces, which all three units report to. The FSK and HJK share training facilities at Rena leir, where both units are headquartered.

In peacetime they are a support element to the Norwegian Police force and law enforcement agencies in allied nations, acting when requested in serious incidents like hostage situations and aircraft hijacking. During counter-terrorist operations, FSK operatives are trained to eliminate the threats rather than trying to arrest them. In wartime, their tasks are mainly: to gather intelligence, to localize and identify enemy supplies and activity, to carry out offensive operations against very important targets, to provide support to rescue missions involving important personnel and to provide protection to personnel and departments.

Rank InsigniaEdit

Grade Ilmavoimat
(Air Force)
Maavoimat
(Army)
Merivoimat
(Navy)
Flag Officers
O-10 RNoAF-O10
General
(General)
RNoA-O10
General
(General)
RNoN-O10
Admiral
(Admiral)
O-9 RNoAF-O9
Generalløytnant
(General Lieutenant)
RNoA-O9
Generalløytnant
(General Lieutenant)
RNoN-O9
Viseadmiral
(Vice Admiral)
O-8 RNoAF-O8
Generalmajor
(General Major)
RNoA-O8
Generalmajor
(General Major)
RNoN-O8
Kontreadmiral
(Counter Admiral)
O-7 RNoAF-O7
Brigader
(Brigadier)
RNoA-O7
Brigader
(Brigadier)
RNoN-O7
Flaggkommandør
(Flag Commodore)
Line Officers
O-6 RNoAF-O6
Oberst
(Colonel)
RNoA-O6
Oberst
(Colonel)
RNoN-O6
Kommandør
(Commodore)
O-5 RNoAF-O5
Oberstløytnant
(Colonel Lieutenant)
RNoA-O5
Oberstløytnant
(Colonel Lieutenant)
RNoN-O5
Kommandørkaptein
(Commander Captain)
O-4 RNoAF-O4
Major
(Major)
RNoA-O4
Major
(Major)
RNoN-O4
Orlogskaptein
(Senior Captain)
O-3 RNoAF-O3
Kaptein
(Captain)
RNoA-O3
Kaptein
(Captain)
RNoN-O3
Kapteinløytnant
(Captain Lieutenant)
O-2 RNoAF-O2
Løytnant
(Lieutenant)
RNoA-O2
Løytnant
(Lieutenant)
RNoN-O2
Løytnant
(Lieutenant)
O-1 RNoAF-O1
Fenrik
(Second Lieutenant)
RNoA-O1
Fenrik
(Second Lieutenant)
RNoN-O1
Fenrik
(Sub Lieutenant)
Non Commissioned Officers
E-9 RNoAF-E9
Sersjant
(Sergeant)
RNoA-E9
Sersjant
(Sergeant)
RNoN-E9
Kvartermester
(Quartermaster)
E-6 RNoAF-E6
Korporal
(Corporal)
RNoA-E6
Korporal
(Corporal)
RNoN-E6
Utskrevet ledende menig
(Leading Seaman)
E-3 RNoAF-E3
Menig
(Private)
RNoA-E3
Flysoldat
(Airman)
RNoN-E3
Utskrevet menig
(Seaman Recruit)
  • The Home Guard uses the same ranking & insignia as the Army.
  • The HJK & FSK use Army Insignia, the MJK use that of the navy.

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